Friday, 30 January 2015

Malware spam: "BACS Transfer : Remittance for.."

So far I have only seen one sample of this..

From     "Garth Hutchison"
Date     21/01/2015 11:50
Subject     BACS Transfer : Remittance for JSAG400GBP

We have arranged a BACS transfer to your bank for the following amount : 5821.00
Please find details attached.

Attached is a malicious Word document BACS_transfer_JS87123781237.doc [VT 1/57] which contains a macro [pastebin] which downloads a file from:

This is then saved as %TEMP%\iHGdsf.exe. This has a VirusTotal detection rate of 6/57 identifying it as a Dridex downloaded. You can see the Malwr report here.

Sources indicate that this malware phones home to the following IPs which I recommend you block:

Tuesday, 27 January 2015

Malware spam: "Eileen Meade" / "R. Kern Engineering & Mfg Corp."

Kern Engineering & Mfg Corp. is a wholly legitimate firm, they are not sending out this spam nor have their systems been compromised in any way. Instead, this is a forgery which has a malicious Word document attached.

From:    Eileen Meade []
date:    27 January 2015 at 08:25
subject:    inv.# 35261

  Here is your invoice & Credit Card Receipt.

 Eileen Meade
 R. Kern Engineering & Mfg Corp.
909) 664-2442
Fax 909) 664-2116
So far, I have seen two different version of the Word document, both poorly detected [1] [2] containing two different macros [1] [2]. These attempt to download a binary from one of the following locations:


This is saved as %TEMP%\sdfsdferfwe.exe. It has a VirusTotal detection rate of 3/57. Automated analysis tools are inconclusive [1] [2] [3].

Monday, 26 January 2015

Very lazy Walmart raffle ticket scam spam

Sometimes I see some very sophisticated scams with lovely websites and a credible and convincing pitch to snare the unwary. This isn't one of those, but it is a remarkably lazy piece of crap instead.

From:    Walmart []
Date:    26 January 2015 at 17:23
Subject:    Walmart


This is to announce to the Public that the Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., have
started selling raffle ticket for the 2015 with the effect from today
been 1/26/2015, for more inquiries, contact our Publicity Department

Wal-Mart Public Department
Mr. William Morgan

You will be directed on what to do to pick your form

Thanking you In Advance
Dennis Harrison
Walmart, Arkansas USA
I've heard it said that the scammers deliberately choose really stupid scams that only an idiot would fall for.. in order to filter out all those people who aren't idiots. So perhaps there is a point to all this half-arsed crappiness after all.

Malware spam: "" / "Cards OnLine E-Statement E-Mail Notification"

This fake NatWest email leads to malware:

From:    CardsOnLine []
Date:    26 January 2015 at 13:06
Subject:    Cards OnLine E-Statement E-Mail Notification


Dear Customer

Your July 30, 2014 E-Statement for account number xxxxxxxxxxxx6956 from Cards OnLine is now available.

For more information please check link:

Thank you
Cards OnLine

Many internet users have recently been targeted through bogus E-Mails by fraudsters claiming to be from their bank. These E-Mails ask customers to provide their internet banking security details in order to reactivate their account or verify an E-Mail address.

Please be on your guard against E-Mails that request any of your security details. If you receive an e-mail like this you must not respond.

Please remember that, for security reasons, apart from when you create them at registration or when you change your Internet Pin or Password, we will only ever ask you to enter random characters from your Internet PIN and Password when you logon to this service.

You must keep your security details secret. We would never ask you, by E-Mail, to enter (or record) these details in full and you must not respond to E-Mails asking for this information.

National Westminster Bank Plc, Registered in England No 929027. Registered
Office: 135 Bishopsgate, London EC2M 3UR. Authorised and regulated by the Financial Services Authority.

This E-Mail message is confidential and for use by the addressee only. If the message is received by anyone other than the addressee, please return the message to the sender by replying to it and then delete the message from your computer. Internet E-Mails are not necessarily secure. National Westminster Bank Plc does not accept responsibility for changes made to this message after it was sent.

Whilst all reasonable care has been taken to avoid the transmission of viruses, it is the responsibility of the recipient to ensure that the onward transmission, opening or use of this message and any attachments will not adversely affect its systems or data. No responsibility is accepted by National Westminster Bank Plc in this regard and the recipient should carry out such virus and other checks as it considers appropriate.
Users who click the link see a download page similar to this:

The link in the email downloads a randomly-named file in the format which contains a malicious binary which will have a name similar to security_notice18074.exe.

This binary has a VirusTotal detection rate of 1/56 and is identified by Norman AV as Upatre. Automated analysis tools are not particularly enlightening [1] [2].

Malware spam: "HP Digital Device" / "Scanned Image"

This spam comes with a malicious attachment:

From:    HP Digital Device []
Date:    26 January 2015 at 13:04
Subject:    Scanned Image

Please open the attached document.
This document was digitally sent to you using an HP Digital Sending device.

This email has been scanned for viruses and spam.
Attached is a file which contains a malicious executable ScannedImage.scr which has a VirusTotal detection rate of 5/56, you can see various automated analyses here: [1] [2] [3]

Malware spam: "Berendsen UK Ltd Invoice 60020918 117" / ""

Berendsen is a wholly legitimate firm in the textiles and laundry business. They are not sending out this spam, nor have their systems been compromised in any way. Instead, this email is a forgery with a malicious Word document attached.

Date:    26 January 2015 at 06:43
Subject:    Berendsen UK Ltd Invoice 60020918 117

Dear Sir/Madam,

Please find attached your invoice dated 1st January.
All queries should be directed to your branch that provides the service. This detail can be found on your invoice.

Thank you.

This e-mail and any attachments it may contain is confidential and
intended for the use of the named addressee(s) only. If you are not
the intended recipient, you have received it in error, please
immediately contact the sender and delete the material from your
computer system. You must not copy, print, use or disclose its
contents to any person. All e-mails are monitored for traffic data and
the content for security purposes.

Berendsen UK Ltd, part of the Berendsen plc Group.
Registered Office: 4 Grosvenor Place, London, SW1X 7DL.
Registered in England No. 228604
Attached is a malicious Word document with a zero detection rate which contains a malicious macro [pastebin], and this in turn downloads a binary from:

This executable is saved as %TEMP%\LAVUBDAJLCD.exe and has a VirusTotal detection rate of 2/57 (Norman AV identified it as Dridex).

Automated analysis [1] [2] [3] [4] is proving difficult, a contact suggests that Botnet 125 (which is behind this spam run) is having stability problems. Shame.

Friday, 23 January 2015

Malware spam: "You have received a new secure message from BankLine"

For some reason these RBS BankLine spam messages are a popular mechanism for the bad guys to spread malware.

From:    Bankline []
Date:    23 January 2015 at 12:43
Subject:    You have received a new secure message from BankLine

You have received a secure message.

Read your secure message by following the link bellow:

You will be prompted to open (view) the file or save (download) it to your computer. For best results, save the file first, then open it.

If you have concerns about the validity of this message, please contact the sender directly.
For questions please contact the Bankline Bank Secure Email Help Desk at 0131 556 3513.
The link in the email seems to be somewhat dynamic, as I have also seen this slightly different variant of:

The landing page looks like this:

The link on that landing page goes to which downloads a ZIP file called (or something similar) containing an executable file named something like Bankline_document_pdf24372.exe. The numbers change in each case, and indeed the executable changes slightly every time it is downloaded.

The ThreatExpert report shows that it attempt to communicate with the well-known-bad-IP of (Excell Media Pvt Ltd, India) which is associated with the Dyre banking trojan.

Malware spam: "IRS Fiscal Activity 531065" / ""

This fake IRS spam actually does use the domain to host malware.

From:    IRS []
Date:    23 January 2015 at 11:46
Subject:    IRS Fiscal Activity 531065

Hello, [redacted].

We notify you that last year, according to the estimates of tax taxation,
we had a shortage of means.
We ask you to install the special program with new digital certificates,
what to eliminate an error.

To install the program go to the link above:

Intrenal Revenue Sevrice
London W1K 6AH
United Kingdom
The ZIP file contains a malicious executable SetupIRS2015.exe  which has a VirusTotal detection rate of 8/53. The site is hosted on (Agava Ltd, Russia). The Malwr report shows it phoning home to ( - TheFirst-RU, Russia)

The WHOIS details for the domain are almost definitely fake, but kind of interesting..

Registrant ID:               CR185450554
Registrant Name:             Thomas McCaffrey
Registrant Organization:     Real Help Communications, Inc.
Registrant Address1:         3023 Anzac Avenue
Registrant City:             Roslyn
Registrant State/Province:   Pennsylvania
Registrant Postal Code:      19001
Registrant Country:          United States
Registrant Country Code:     US
Registrant Phone Number:     +1.2158872818
Registrant Email:  

They're interesting because these really are the valid contact details for Real Help Communcations, Inc which makes me wonder if their domain account at GoDaddy has been compromised.

A look at shows there is only one active website on that IP address ( , but the host on the IP identifies itself as which is a domain created on the same day (2015-01-19) but has been suspended due to invalid WHOIS details (somebody at, which was hosted on a Bosnian IP of (Team Consulting d.o.o.).That IP is identified as malicious by VirusTotal with a number of bad domains and binaries.

The malware POSTS to which Sophos identifies as a characteristic of the generically-named Troj/Agent-ALHF.

Overall, automated analysis tools are not very clear about what this malware does [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] although you can guarantee it is nothing good.

Recommended blocklist:

Malware spam: "2014 Tax payment issue" / "Your tax return was incorrectly filled out"

This tax-themed spam has a malicious Word document attached. It appears to come in several variants, for example:

From:    Quinton
Date:    23 January 2015 at 08:18
Subject:    2014 Tax payment issue

According to your tax payments for 2014 year period we found that you gave a wrong legal address in your last tax payment. In order to avoid penalty fees on your tax dues we ask you to contact our specialist having checked the previous payment in advance (the DOC invoice attached below).

Tax Inspector


From:    Tara Morris
Date:    23 January 2015 at 09:28
Subject:    Your tax return was incorrectly filled out

Attention: Accountant

This is to inform you that your legal address was filled incorrectly while completing the last tax form application for 2014 year.
In order to avoid penalty fees during the next tax period please contact our expert as soon as you check the payment details (the DOC invoice attached below).
Attached is a Word document with a random name, but always starting with "TAX_". Examples include:


There are two different variants of this Word document that I have seen so far, neither are detected by AV vendors [1] [2] containing one of two malicious macros [1] [2] that download a file 20.exe from the following URLs:

This file is then saved to %TEMP%\GYHjksdf.exe and has a low detection rate of 2/56 (Norman AV identifies it as Dridex). The Malwr analysis is inconclusive, other analysis is pending.

Thursday, 22 January 2015

Yet more MyFax malware spam

There's another batch of "MyFax" spam going around at the moment, for example:

From:    MyFax []
Date:    22 January 2015 at 15:08
Subject:    Fax #4356342

Fax message

Sent date: Thu, 22 Jan 2015 15:08:30 +0000
Clicking the link leads to a page like this:

The download leads to an EXE-in-ZIP download which is a little different every time [1] [2] [3] [virustotal]. Detection rates are around 6/55.

The Malwr report shows communication with the following URLs:

Of these is the essential one to block traffic to, belonging to Excell Media Pvt Ltd in India. A file axybT95.exe is also dropped according to the report, which has a detection rate of 7/48.

I haven't seen a huge number of these, the format of the URLs looks something like this:

Wednesday, 21 January 2015

"Hartford Tech Summit" aka BizSummits: What's wrong with this picture? ( /

Last year I called out serial spammers BizSummits for their use of stolen photographs that they were attempting to pass off as activities at one of those summits.

A comment on one of the posts indicates that BizSummits are suffering from a degree of butthurt because of this.

Hi Conrad, we just received an autonotice about the comment from Claire Le and were again hoping you would consider archiving/mothballing it because readers see the misleading title which is why the commenter incorrectly surmised BizSummits is a fake after reading it. I think you know it is not, we are glad to immediately make you a member of one of the groups if wished so you can login and watch/listen to hundreds of past meetings (impossible if it were really a fake), and we are also glad to cover your airfare from the UK if you wish to attend any of the in-person events (next on the schedule is the in a few weeks and then a series in Chicago in April including a CIO roundtable you might have interest in attending). Thank you for your consideration. That's a new one on me. Let's head over to that website.

If you read my previous post on these folks, you might guess where this is going.

Now, bearing in mind the cringing embarrassment they must have felt when I pointed out that all the photos on their sites were of something else entirely, you would expect that they'd use a genuine photograph of one of their summits. I mean, everyone has a digital camera, right? It would be hard to avoid taking a photograph of one of these summits. And they have so many of them.

Let's have a closer look at that photo (

It certainly looks like a seminar or summit. But let's see what a Google Reverse Image Search says..

It guesses that this is a picture of "business seminars" and reveals that the same photo is in use on many different sites. And in fact, you just need to do a Google image search for "Seminars" and it turns up in a prominent position.

So now we need some detective work, the original image doesn't appear to be online but I can find a slightly higher resolution one.

There's an interesting sign on the wall..

"The Ivy Review" it says. That matches pretty closely with a photo from which has a very similar photograph.

This photograph was taken in the Santa Clara Convention centre. That's about 3000 miles from Hartford, but that's not really the point. The point is that this appears to be the photograph of a completely different convention from a completely different organisation. It is certainly a commonly used picture for "seminars" that people paste in when they haven't actually got a picture.

In fact, I have never seen a verifiable photo of any BizSummits event. Perhaps I am looking in the wrong place. Perhaps someone needs to buy BizSummits a digital camera. Draw your own conclusions.

As for a free trip to Connecticut to see BizSummits in action. Yeah, I think I'll pass on that offer.

Tuesday, 20 January 2015

Malware spam: "Barclays - Important Update, read carefully!" / "Barclays Online Bank []"

This fake Barclays spam leads to malware.

From:    Barclays Online Bank []
Date:    20 January 2015 at 14:41
Subject:    Barclays - Important Update, read carefully!

Dear Customer,

Protecting the privacy of your online banking access and personal information are our primary concern.

During the last complains because of online fraud we were forced to upgrade our security measures.

We believe that Invention of security measures is the best way to beat online fraud.

Barclays Bank have employed some industrial leading models to start performing an extra security check with Your Online Banking Activities to ensure a safe and secure Online and Mobile Banking.

For security reasons we downloaded the Update Form to security Barclays webserver.

You are requested to follow the provided steps and Update Your Online Banking details, for the safety of Your Accounts.

- Please download and complete the form with the requested details:

- Fill in all required fields with your accurately details (otherwise will lead to service suspension)

Warning: If you choose to ignore our request, you leave us no choice but to temporary hold on your funds.

Thank you for your patience as we work together to protect your account.

Please update your records on or before 48 hours, a failure to update your records will result in a temporary hold on your funds.


Barclays Online Bank Customer Service

We apologize for any inconvenience this may have caused.

(c) Copyright 2015 Barclays Bank Plc. All rights reserved.
The link in the email varies, some other examples seen are:

Visiting these sites goes through some javascript hoops, and then leads to a ZIP file download which contains a malicious EXE that changes every time it is downloaded. The files are named in the general format and update54321.exe.

The file itself is an Upatre downloader, with poor detection rates [1] [2] [3].

The Malwr report shows traffic to the following URLs:

Out of these (Excell Media Pvt Ltd, India) is one you should definitely block. This downloader drops several files including (in this case) %TEMP%\sJFcN24.exe which has a VirusTotal detection rate of just 3/57 and is identified as Dyreza.C by Norman anti-virus.

Malware spam: "Undefined transactions (need assistance)"

This spam comes in a few different variants, however the body text always seems to be the same:

From:    Joyce Mills
Date:    20 January 2015 at 10:30
Subject:    Undefined transactions (need assistance) Ref:1647827ZM

Good morning
I have recently found several payments on statement with the incorrect reference. Amounts appear to be from your company, could you please confirm these payments are yours and were made from your company's bank account. If no then please reply me as soon as possible. Thanks.
P.S. Undefined transactions are included in the attached DOC.

Joyce Mills
Senior Accounts Payable

The reference number is randomly generated and changes in each case, attached is a malicious Word document also containing the same reference number (e.g. 1647827ZM.doc). Also the name in the "From" field is consistent with the name on the bottom of the email, although this too seems randomly generated. Some examples of names, job titles and companies in use include:
Joyce Mills
Joshua King
Gonzalo Hurley
Dona Bullock
Floyd Mcintyre
Courtney Berg
Latasha Mills

Senior Accounts Payable
Remittance Manager
Accounts Payable
Remittance Manager
Accounting Team
Chef Accountant
Senior Accountant

I have seen two different variants of Word document in circulator, both undetected by AV vendors [1] [2] and each one contains a slightly different malicious macro [1] [2] [pastebin] which attempt to download from the following locations:

This file is downloaded as 20.exe and is then copied to %TEMP%\324234234.exe. It has a VirusTotal detection rate of 2/57. That report indicates that it attempts to phone home to: (PE "Filipets Igor Victorovych", Ukraine)

This IP is commonly used in this type of attack, I would strongly recommend you block it.

The Malwr report shows that this drops a Dridex DLL with a VirusTotal detection rate of 2/57, which is the same DLL as seen earlier today.

Malware spam: "mereway kitchens []" / "Delivery Confirmation"

This rather terse spam comes with a malicious attachment. It is NOT from Mereway Kitchens and their systems have not been hacked or compromised in any way.

From:    mereway kitchens []
Date:    20 January 2015 at 08:24
Subject:    Delivery Confirmation

Delivery Confirmation
Attached is a file K-DELC-28279.doc which comes in two different versions, both of which are poorly detected by AV vendors [1] [2] and which contain one of two malicious macros [1] [2] [pastebin]. These attempt to download a file from one of the following locations:

This payload is identical to the one found in this spam run which preceded it.

UPDATE 2015-01-23

A second spam run is underway, and although the email and attachment name are the same, the malicious macro itself is rather different. Both Word documents have zero detection rates [1] [2] and contain malicious macros [1] [2] that download another component from:

This binary has a VirusTotal detection rate of 3/57. It probably drops the Dridex banking trojan, but analysis is inconclusive.

Malware spam: "Monika []" / "Proforma Invoice"

This fake invoice leads to malware. It is not being sent by Big K Products UK Ltd, their systems have not been hacked or compromised. Instead, the email is a forgery designed to get you to click the malicious attachment.

From:    Monika []
Date:    20 January 2015 at 07:18
Subject:    Proforma Invoice

Please find enclosed the proforma invoice for your order. Please let me know when payment has been made, so that the goods can be despatched.

Kind regards,

Monika Goetz
Sales & Marketing Co-ordinator

The document attached is Proforma.doc which is currently undetected by AV vendors. It contains a malicious macro [pastebin] which attempts to download a binary from:

..which is saved to %TEMP%\324234234.exe. This has a VirusTotal detection rate of 2/56 and the Malwr report shows it attempting to phone home to: (HKBN, Hong Kong) (1&1, US)

These IPs have been used many times in similar recent attacks an I recommend you block them.

It also drops a DLL with a VirusTotal detection rate of 2/57.  The payload appears to be the Dridex banking trojan.

See also this post about a related spam run also in progress this morning.