Friday, 24 October 2014

Do people really fall for this?

Here's a simple phishing spam..
Date:     24 October 2014 13:50
Subject:     payment

this mail is to inform you that the payment have been made
see the attached file for the payment slip

Attached is a file payment Slip (2).html which displays a popup alert:
You have been signed out of this account this may have happened automatically cause the attachement needs authentication. to continue using this account, you will need to sign in again. this is done to protect your account and to ensure the privacy of your information
The victim then gets send to a phishing page, in this case at which looks like this..

Ummm... do people really fall for this? The frightening answer is.. probably, yes.

"You've received a new fax" spam.. again.

Another day, another fake fax spam.
From:     Fax []
Date:     24 October 2014 10:54
Subject:     You've received a new fax

New fax at SCAN2383840 from EPSON by
Scan date: Fri, 24 Oct 2014 15:24:22 +0530
Number of pages: 2
Resolution: 400x400 DPI

You can secure download your fax message at:

(eFax Drive is a file hosting service operated by J2, Inc.)
The link in the email goes to a script which (if the the browser settings are correct) downloads a file which in turn contains a malicious executable document_92714-872_pdf.exe which has a VirusTotal detection rate of 3/54. The Malwr report shows the following URLs are contacted:

The malware also drops two executables on the system, kcotk.exe (VT 0/53, Malwr report) and ptoma.exe (VT 2/51, Malwr report).

Recommended blocklist: "New bank details" spam

This fake email pretending to be from (a Bitcoin exchange) is meant to have a malicious payload (probably a Word document) but in the sample I have seen that payload is missing. However, if you receive a similar email then wth an attachment then it is probably malicious.

From: []
Date:     23 October 2014 14:48
Subject:     New bank details

New banking details

Dear Bitstamp clients,

We would like to inform you that Bitstamp now has new bank details, please check attached file.

We would like to assure those of you who sent deposits to our old details that our old IBAN is still active and your transfers, if otherwise sent with correct information, should arrive without a problem.

Please note that SEPA transfers usually take 1 to 3 business days to arrive and would kindly ask those waiting for your SEPA transfers longer than usually to please send us a transfer confirmation so that we can examine our bank account log and locate your transfers.

Also for those waiting on deposits we ask for your patience; we have accumulated a long list of transfers which lack information or contain wrong information which means we need to manually go through all of them instead of our system sorting them automatically.

Best regards
CEO, Nejc Kodrič
Bitstamp LIMITED
Despite the hype, very few people actually deal with Bitcoins and I suspect even fewer use this particular exchange, so I assume that the attackers in this case are very interested in targeting Bitcoin owners specifically.

Thursday, 23 October 2014

"Voice Mail" ( spam

Before you open something like this.. think if you really get voice mail notifications through your email. No? Well, don't open it.
From:  "Voice Mail" []
Date:  Thu, 23 Oct 2014 14:31:22 +0200
Subject:  voice message from 598-978-8974 for mailbox 833

You have received a voice mail message from 598-978-8974
Message length is 00:00:33. Message size is 264 KB.

Download your voicemail message from dropbox service below (Google Disk
Drive Inc.):
Clicking the link goes to a script that detects if the visitor is running Windows, if so it downloads a file from the target system which in turn contains a malicious executable doc_9231-92_pdf.exe which has a VirusTotal detection rate of 4/51.

The Malwr report for that binary shows it communicating with the following URLs: is rather unsurprisingly allocated to OVH France. It also drops a couple of executables onto the system, nlsio.exe (VT 4/48, Malwr report) and qhcjp.exe (VT 0/51, Malwr report).

Recommended blocklist:

Fake / Allied International Trading Limited "Order Confirmation spam"

This fake Order Confirmation spam pretends to come from / Allied International Trading Limited but doesn't. The email is a forgery originating from an organised crime ring, it does not originate from / Allied International Trading Limited nor habe their systems been compromised in any way.

From:     Elouise Massey []
Date:     23 October 2014 10:52
Subject:     Order Confirmation


Thank you for your order, please check and confirm.

Kind Regards


Allied International Trading Limited
Unit 1A
Hubert Road
CM14 4JE
United Kingdom
Telephone 0845 130 9922
Fax 0845 130 9933
In the sample I received, the attachment was corrupt but should have been a file a malicious Word document S-CON-A248-194387.doc. The document and payload is exactly the same as the one being sent out today with this spam run (read that post for more details) and is very poorly detected, although blocking access to the following IPs and domains might help mitigate against it:

Wednesday, 22 October 2014

"This email contains an invoice file attachment" spam contains poorly-detected malware

This fake invoice spam has a malicious Word document attached.

From:     Brittney Spencer , Customer service []
Date:     22 October 2014 12:46
Subject:     Reference:ZHO904856SU

 This email contains an invoice file attachment ID:ZHO904856SU


Brittney Spencer .
In this case the attachment was ZHO904856SU.doc which contains a malicious macro, however at the moment the document is showing a VirusTotal detection rate of 0/54.

Attempting to open the document gives the following message:

You didn't enable macros.
Content cant be visible.

..along with an embedded image to tell you how to turn macros off.

If the victim does this, then this malicious macro [pastebin] runs and downloads an executable from which has a VirusTotal detection rate of just 1/53.

The Malwr analysis shows this binary posting data to:

The IP address is allocated to MajorDomo LLC, Russia. The executable also drops a malicious DLL using the name 2.tmp which also has a VirusTotal detection rate of 0/54.

Tuesday, 21 October 2014

Fake "Humber Merchants Group /" Industrial Invoices spam

This fake spam pretends to come from the legitimate firm Humber Merchants but doesn't. It's a forgery, Humber Merchants are not sending out this spam nor have they been hacked or compromised.

Date:     21 October 2014 15:21
Subject:     Industrial Invoices

Attached are accounting documents from Humber Merchants

Humber Merchants Group

Head Office:
Parkinson Avenue
North Lincolnshire
DN15 7JX

Tel: 01724 860331
Fax: 01724 281326

Automated mail message produced by DbMail.
Registered to Humber Merchants Limited  , License MBS2008354.
Attached is a malicious Word document 15040BII3646501.doc which has a VirusTotal detection of 6/54. The Malwr report gives a little detail as to what it going on, but the crux of it is that if you have macros enabled then they will download and execute a malicious binary from which has a VirusTotal detection rate of 11/53 and which the Malwr report  indicates then connects to the following URLs:$24+/h5@RnK5~Y@7&mKGc%2C1%7E0/BhmOUE~Xf/_T_%20GSN is a Serverloft / Intergenia IP address in Germany.

Recommended blocklist:

UPDATE 2014-10-23
Another version of the attachment is doing the rounds, this time the attachment has a detection rate of 0/54  (Malwr report) but in this case it downloads a file from which has a detection rate of just 1/54.

According to the Malwr report, that binary contacts the following URLs: is 1&1, Germany and is Hostway, Belgium.

This executable drops a DLL on the system which is also poorly detected with a detection rate of 1/54.

Recommended blocklist:

Monday, 20 October 2014 hacked (again)

Earlier this year I looked at a hack attack on popular porn site (Alexa rank 429) which appeared to be something to do with a fake advertising agency that had bought ad space.

Well, it appear that has been hacked again (as of yesterday) [1] [2] [3] and has been serving up an exploit kit (which appears to have been cleaned up now).

What's interesting about this attack are the domains in use, all using .CF (Central African Republic), .GA (Gabon), .ML (Mali) plus the more commonly abused .TK and .UNI.ME. The domains detected are listed at the end of this post, but they all appear to be dead now.

All the domains in question use nameservers using the domain which uses an anonymous registration, but which itself uses nameservers which perhaps gives a clue as to the general origins of this attack.

The malicious hosts were based on the following IPs which might be worth blocking: (Continuum Data Centers, US) (Microglobe LLC, US) (Infolink / Serverpronto, US)

(plain list for copy-and-pasting)

The domains that seem to be associated with this attack are as follows:

Adobe Billing "Adobe Invoice" spam / adb-102288-invoice.doc

This fake Adobe spam has a malicious Word document attached.

From:     Adobe Billing []
Date:     20 October 2014 11:33
Subject:     Adobe Invoice

Adobe(R) logo    
Dear Customer,
Thank you for signing up for Adobe Creative Cloud Service.

Attached is your copy of the invoice.
Thank you for your purchase.

Thank you,
The Adobe Team
Adobe Creative Cloud Service
Adobe and the Adobe logo are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

© 2014 Adobe Systems Incorporated. All rights reserved. 

Attached is a malicious Word document adb-102288-invoice.doc which has a VirusTotal detection rate of just 1/53, the Malwr report shows there are macros in the document then try to run when it is open. If macros are enabled, this then downloads and executes a malicious binary from which also has a pretty poor detection rate of 2/53.

According to the Malwr report, this binary then reaches out to the following URLs:$n=pS%3FgfE@%3Dx%7Efa/%24ysusij%2B%2C%2C%20kCbh2tc8ex%3Dnsgr_/%26$B6JR%2C+j3K2./%20SB$%2CIYA/9Y8STPqNxu/j2hfMb6S$%24zqFH.O%2BRg%20%20/T%2D

The IPs in question are (Virpus, US) and (Intergenia, Germany).

The Malware then drops another malicious binary 2.tmp (which looks like a DLL). The VirusTotal detection rate for this is only 1/54. The Malwr report is inconclusive.

Recommended blocklist:

Saturday, 18 October 2014

Evil network: (OVH / "Eldar Mahmudov" /

These domains are currently hosted or have recently been hosted on and all appear to be malicious in some way, in particular some of them have been hosting the Angler EK (hat tip).

Domains that are currently hosted in the range are in listed below, domains flagged as malicious by Google are highlighted. I think it is safe to assume that all these domains are in fact malicious.

The following domains have recently been hosted in this space. Ones marked malicious by Google are highlighted, although I would again assume they are all malicious. is an OVH IP range allocated to what might be a ficticious customer:

organisation:   ORG-EM25-RIPE
org-name:       eldar mahmudov
org-type:       OTHER
address:        ishveran 9
address:        75003 paris
address:        FR
phone:          +33.919388845
mnt-ref:        OVH-MNT
mnt-by:         OVH-MNT
changed: 20140621
source:         RIPE

There appears to be nothing legitimate at all in this IP address range, I strongly recommend that you block traffic going to it.

Friday, 17 October 2014

"Final notification" malware spam uses a Google redirector and

This malware spam uses a Google redirector to retrieve malware hosted on

Date:     17 October 2014 17:04
Subject:     Final notification for
Purchase Notice
Thank you for buying at our store!
Processed on October 17th 2014

We are happy to let you know that the package is on its way to you. We also attached delivery terms to residential address.

Payment #: 507040420
Order total: 2088.11 USD
Shipping date: October 18 2014.

Please hit the link given at the bottom to get more details about your order.

 Order details 

The link in this particular email is which downloads a malicious executable ShippingLable_HSDAPDF.scr and this has a VirusTotal detection rate of 3/54.

The automated analysis tools that have given results used so far [1] [2] [3] are inconclusive.

eFax message from "02086160204" spam

This fake eFax spam leads to malware:
From:     eFax []
Date:     17 October 2014 11:36
Subject:     eFax message from "02086160204" - 1 page(s), Caller-ID: 208-616-0204

Fax Message [Caller-ID: 208-616-0204]

You have received a 1 page fax at 2014-10-17 09:34:48 GMT.

* The reference number for this fax is lon2_did11-4056638710-9363579926-02.

Please visit to  view  this message in full.

Thank you for using the eFax service!
 Home     Contact     Login
Powered by j2

© 2013 j2 Global, Inc. All rights reserved.
eFax® is a registered trademark of j2 Global, Inc.

This account is subject to the terms listed in the eFax® Customer Agreement.
The telephone number seems to very but is always in the 0208616xxxx format.

The link in the email goes to some random hacked WordPress site or other with a URL with a format similar to the following:

Then (if your user agent and referrer are correct) it goes to a fake eFax page at which does look pretty convincing. (Incidentally if the UA or referrer are not right you seem to get dumped on a pills site of

The download link goes to which is a ZIP file containing a malicious executable FAX_20141008_1412786088_26.exe which has a VirusTotal detection rate of 4/54.

The Malwr report is interesting because it contains many references to bacstel-ip which is the name of an online payment system used by UK businesses. The malware also contains the string
runas /profile /env /user:mydomain\admin "mmc %windir%\system32\dsa.msc
 If you are a sysadmin then you might recognise this as being the "Active Directory Users and Computers" admin tool. So, are the bad guys probing for sysadmins?

The malware connects to the following URLs:

I recommend blocking (Digital Ocean, US), (IO-Hosts Ltd, Russia) and (Arachnitec, US)

Recommended blocklist:

Sage "Outdated Invoice" spam spreads malware via

This fake Sage email spreads malware using a service called Cubby, whatever that is.

From:     Sage Account & Payroll []
Date:     17 October 2014 10:28
Subject:     Outdated Invoice

Sage Account & Payroll

You have an outdated invoice from Sage Accounting that is ready for payment. To find out more details on this invoice, please follow the link bellow or click here to view/download your account invoice:

If we hold any information about you which is incorrect or if there are any changes to your details please let us know by so that we can keep our records accurate and up to date. If you would like to update your records or see a copy of the information that we hold about you, you can contact us at Data Protection Officer, Sage (UK) Ltd, North Park, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, NE13 9AA or by email to If you request a copy of your information you will need to pay a statutory fee which is currently £10.

The contents of this email and any attachments are confidential. They are intended for the named recipient(s) only. If you have received this email in error please notify the system manager or the sender immediately and do not disclose the contents to anyone or make copies.

We have communicated this information with users as well, and we will continue to communicate with you through email as your transition continues.

This email was sent to: [redacted]

This email was sent by: Sage UK Limited
NC1-002-08-25, Newcastle upon Tyne., North Park, NE13 9AA, United Kingdom

Privacy and Security
Keeping your financial information secure is one of our most important responsibilities. For an explanation of how we manage customer information, please read our Privacy Policy. You can also learn how Sage UK Limited keeps your personal information secure and how you can help protect yourself.

Despite appearances, the link in the email (in this case) actually goes to and it downloads a file This in turn contains a malicious executable Invoice_032414.exe which has a VirusTotal detection rate of 3/53. The Malwr report shows HTTP conversations with the following URLs: is not surprisingly allocated to OVH France. In turn, it drops an executable bcwyw.exe (VT 6/54, Malwr report) which communicates with (a China Telecom address located in the US in a Rackspace IP range) and also moxbk.exe (VT 1/52, Malwr report).

Recommended blocklist: